Prudential Regulation

Prudential regulation requires financial firms to control risks, hold adequate capital and liquidity, and have in place workable recovery and resolution plans.

It is essential that our regulatory regime accounts for the vital role the capital markets play in providing credit and financing the real economy, particularly as regulators consider the implementation of elements of the Basel III capital proposal in 2022, including the Fundamental Review of the Trading Book (FRTB) and Credit Valuation Adjustment (CVA). It is vital that those rules should be implemented in a manner that does not overly penalize banks’ capital markets activities, which in turn could reduce liquidity in vital corporate and other funding markets, thereby hurting growth in the real economy.

SIFMA supports appropriate regulation of the capital markets and their participants by both market regulators, who have decades of experience in promulgating rules and supervising the marketplace, as well as prudential regulators. U.S. prudential rules generally impose significantly higher capital and liquidity costs on banking entities with significant capital markets operations. This has increased costs to financial firms and the economy as a whole and reduced market depth for a wide variety of corporations and other end-users, particularly during periods of economic stress. This has also had another effect: transforming U.S. banking regulators into the most impactful supervisor of the capital markets superseding the oversight role traditionally played by the SEC and CFTC. This has created distortions in the capital and liquidity requirements between market and prudential regulators as well as lessened the efficiencies by increasing costs to end users. It is thus crucial to align and allow for mutual recognition, to the extent possible, the capital and liquidity standards set out by the U.S. banking regulators and the market regulators.

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